a. What is called sustainable development / sustainable development goal?
b. Why are humans and animals facing extinction gradually?
c. Which components of sustainable development areas is in place-A below? Explain.
d. It is essential to develop all the three areas of the figure for sustainable development—Analyze.
a. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services. Sustainable development goal is a holistic approach where natural resources will be utilized proportionately to meet up human needs without damaging or making them harmful.
To preserve the continuity of Millennium Development Goal (MDG), the United Nations declared the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 17) on 25′ September, 2015. For this project, 17 goals, 169 objectives and 230 indicators have been fixed.
17 Sustainable Development Goals
GOAL 1: No Poverty
GOAL 2: Zero Hunger
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
GOAL 4: Quality Education
GOAL 5: Gender Equality
GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
GOAL 13: Climate Action
GOAL 14: Life Below Water
GOAL 15: Life on Land
GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal
b. Due to the change in temperature and climate, many of the living beings which used to exist millions of years ago in the earth’s climate are now extinct. For the same reason, human and animals are still facing extinction.
c. In the stem, the blank space at the “A” circle would fit Social component of sustainable development. Social sustainability is based on the concept that a decision or project promotes the betterment of society. In general, future generations should have the same or greater quality of life benefits as the current generation do. This concept also encompasses many things such as human rights, environmental law, and public involvement and participation. Failing to put emphasis on the social part of decision or action can result in the slow collapse of the spheres of sustainability and society.
d. It is absolutely essential to develop all three components of the sustainable development. The three components are environmental, economic and social sectors. We have discussed the social component in the previous answer. Now we will discuss the rest two Components.
In a truly sustainable environment, an ecosystem would maintain populations, biodiversity, and overall functionality over an extended period of time. Ideally, decisions that are made should promote equilibrium within our natural systems and seek to encourage positive growth. Unnecessary disturbances to the environment should be avoided whenever possible. If there is a disturbance, it should be mitigated to the maximum practicable extent.
When decisions are made, one part of the discussion should always be the environmental impacts of the proposed outcome or result. Similar to environmental sustainability, economic sustainability involves creating economic value out of whatever project or decision you are undertaking. Economic sustainability means that decisions are made in the most equitable and fiscally sound way possible while considering the other aspects of sustainability. In most cases, projects and decisions must be made with the long term benefits in mind (rather than just the short term benefits).
Keep in mind that when only the economic aspects of something are considered, it may not necessarily promote true sustainability. Our development works would be successful only when these three components of sustainable development is achieved together.