Causes and Preventions of Infectious Disease

Infectious diseases are the diseases caused by germs such as bacteria, viruses and fungi. The diseases can spread directly or indirectly from one person to another.

How do infectious disease spread?

Five ways of how infectious diseases spread are given below:

i. Some infectious diseases spread through coughs and sneezes.

ii. We can be infected with these diseases if we use the things like glass, plate, chair, table, cloths, toilet, etc. used by an infected person.

iii. Some of these diseases can be transmitted through the bites of insects like mosquitoes or animals like dog.

iv. Infectious diseases can spread if we eat contaminated food.

v. These diseases can spread if we drink and use contaminated water Ques-6. Give five

How to Prevent Infectious Disease

Ways of preventing infectious diseases are:

i. Drinking safe water and washing hands regularly.

ii. Arranging adequate ventilation in our rooms.

iii. Covering face with tissue, handkerchief or elbow during coughs and sneezes.

iv. Removing objects such as tub, tyre, canister, etc. that can hold water around our house.

What is Puberty

Puberty is such a time in life when our body begins to develop and changes from the body of a child to the body of a teenager. Four physical changes during puberty are as follows:

i. Growing taller.

ii. Change of the shape of body.

iii. Increase of body weight.

iv. Shaping of muscles.

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